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刘光源特派员在《南华早报》发表署名文章《中国式现代化的世界意义》
2022-11-02 09:43

2022年11月2日,外交部驻港公署刘光源特派员在《南华早报》发表题为《中国式现代化的世界意义》的英文署名文章,结合列席中国共产党第二十次全国代表大会的亲身经历,从推动全球经济增长、促进世界和平与发展、开创人类文明新形态三个维度系统阐述中国式现代化的世界意义,并寄语香港在中国式现代化进程中实现新腾飞、作出新贡献,呼吁国际持份者共建美好香港、共赢合作机遇。文章1日亦在该报网页版刊登。全文如下:

中国式现代化的世界意义


10月16日至22日,中国共产党第二十次全国代表大会成功召开。我有幸列席了这次盛会,现场聆听习近平总书记代表第十九届中央委员会向大会作的重要报告,亲身感受这一庄严隆重的历史时刻,深感振奋、备受鼓舞。大会全面总结了新时代中国发展取得的历史性成就和伟大变革,擘画了全面建设社会主义现代化国家、全面推进中华民族伟大复兴的宏伟蓝图,不仅发出了中国式现代化的嘹亮号音,也为变乱交织的世界注入强大稳定剂。

中国式现代化孕育全球增长新机遇。二十大报告郑重宣示:高质量发展是全面建设社会主义现代化国家的首要任务。过去十年,中国共产党带领全体人民历史性摆脱绝对贫困、全面建成小康社会,人均国内生产总值突破一万美元。中国对世界经济增长平均贡献率达38.6%,超过G7国家总和。当前中国着力贯彻新发展理念,加快构建新发展格局,促进共同富裕和区域协调发展,不再简单以增长率论英雄,而是力求经济实现质的有效提升和量的合理增长。面对复杂严峻的国内外形势,中国经济韧性强、潜力足、回旋余地广、长期向好的基本面不会改变。同时,中国坚持对外开放基本国策和经济全球化正确方向,要拆墙不要筑墙、要融合不要脱钩、要固链不要断链。一个坚定不移推动高质量发展和高水平开放的中国,必将为全球增长注入更强动力。

中国式现代化促进世界和平与发展。二十大报告指出,中国式现代化是走和平发展道路的现代化。我们不走一些国家通过战争、殖民、掠夺等方式实现现代化的老路,那种损人利己、充满血腥罪恶的老路给广大发展中国家人民带来深重苦难。中国坚持走和平、发展、合作、共赢道路,在坚定维护世界和平与发展中谋求自身发展,又以自身发展更好维护世界和平与发展,推动构建人类命运共同体。十年来,中国的朋友圈越来越大,“魅力值”越来越高,开放合作的好伙伴越来越多,成为140多个国家和地区的主要贸易伙伴,共建“一带一路”吸引180多个国家和国际组织共襄盛举。中国提出全球发展倡议和全球安全倡议,正致力同国际社会一道建设一个持久和平、普遍安全、共同繁荣、开放包容、清洁美丽的世界。

中国式现代化开创人类文明新形态。二十大报告系统阐释了中国式现代化的五大特征,开启了以中国式现代化全面推进中华民族伟大复兴的崭新篇章。习近平总书记强调,世界上没有放之四海而皆准的现代化模式,也不存在定于一尊的现代化标准。中国式现代化既有各国现代化的共同特征,更扎根中国大地,有基于自己国情的中国特色,极大丰富了现代化理论、拓展了现代化实践,为人类实现现代化提供了新的选择。中国尊重每个国家自主探索符合本国国情的现代化道路的努力,反对企图将自身模式强加于人的霸权主义和霸道行径,反对以意识形态划线和阵营对抗。当前中国模式和中国方案获得了越来越多国家的由衷认可,但我们从不输出中国模式。多国领导人和国际组织纷纷祝贺二十大胜利召开,也充分说明:“行天下大道者,朋友遍天下”。

当前香港正处在从由乱到治走向由治及兴的新阶段,在中国式现代化进程中势将获得更大机遇、作出更多贡献。二十大报告二十余次提及香港,对坚持和完善“一国两制”作出精辟论述,为香港沿着正确方向发展提供了行动指南。报告指出,支持香港发展经济、改善民生、破解经济社会发展中的深层次矛盾和问题,发挥香港优势和特点,深化香港同各国各地区交往合作,推进粤港澳大湾区建设,支持香港更好融入国家发展大局。不久前,特区行政长官李家超发表首份施政报告,积极响应二十大精神,提出一系列富有针对性、创新性的政策措施和实施路径。相信有中央坚定支持,有新一届特区政府励精图治,香港必能坚守“一国”之本、善用“两制”之利,搭乘中国式现代化快车,创造新的香江奇迹,为全面推进中华民族伟大复兴作出新贡献。那些相信香港、建设香港的国际持份者将收获合作共赢机遇和大好发展前景;而那些唱衰香港、破坏香港的杂音劣行盖不过“一国两制”行稳致远的黄钟大吕,终将在历史大潮中被涤荡干净。

蓝图已经绘就,号角已经吹响。站在历史的十字路口,中国共产党将继续团结带领全体中国人民踔厉奋发、勇毅前行,昂首迈上全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程。中国人民愿同世界人民携手开创人类更加美好的未来!


China’s path to modernisation will support global stability


From October 16 to 22, the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was successfully held in Beijing. I had the honour of attending the congress and was deeply encouraged and inspired by the report delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping on behalf of the party’s 19th Central Committee.

The twice-a-decade event reviewed China’s achievements and experience over the past decade and provided a blueprint for transforming China into a modern socialist country and rejuvenating the nation on all fronts.

In particular, “Chinese modernisation”, a key phrase in the report, promises stability in an uncertain world.

First, Chinese modernisation brings opportunities of global growth. The congress report stated that the primary task in building a modern socialist country is pursuit of high-quality development.

Over the past decade, under the leadership of the party, China has eliminated absolute poverty and achieved the goal of building a moderately prosperous society. China’s per capita gross domestic product has crossed the US$10,000 mark and it contributes up to 38.6 per cent on average to global growth, higher than the G7 countries combined.

As China implements a new development philosophy, more emphasis will be placed on common prosperity and coordinated regional development. Our high-quality growth model means that China will no longer pursue lofty numerical targets. Rather, we will work to achieve both a quality upgrade and an appropriate growth pace.

Amid domestic and international complexities, China’s economy has proved resilient and continues to have ample room for manoeuvre.

At the same time, China maintains the national policy of opening up and stays the course of economic globalisation. We will continue to advocate tearing down walls rather than erecting them, pursuing integration instead of decoupling, and enhancing global supply chains rather than cutting them. A China that stays committed to high-quality development will give a much-needed shot in the arm to the global economy.

Second, Chinese modernisation promotes world peace. In this modernisation drive, China will not follow the path of war, colonisation and plunder taken by some countries.

Rather, China values peace, cooperation and mutual benefit. We will safeguard and contribute further to world peace and global development as we pursue our own development, with a view to building a human community with a shared future.

Over the past decade, China has broadened its network of friends and partners. We have become a major trade partner of more than 140 countries and regions, and over 180 countries and international organisations have joined the Belt and Road Initiative.

China has also put forward the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative, in the hope of building a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness and inclusiveness.

Third, Chinese modernisation represents a new kind of civilisational advancement. As General Secretary Xi once highlighted, there is no one-size-fits-all model for modernisation. While Chinese modernisation shares similarities with that of other countries, it has its own features unique to the Chinese context. The Chinese path offers humanity a new choice.

China respects the efforts of all countries to independently explore a path to modernising, but we oppose hegemonic attempts to impose one’s own model on others and reject bloc confrontation rooted in ideological differences.

Although our model has been hailed by a growing number of countries, we have never exported it. However, congratulatory messages from leaders of many countries and international organisations on the 20th congress are testament to the saying “A just cause attracts abundant support”.

Hong Kong has moved from chaos to stability and is on its way to greater prosperity. In China’s modernisation drive, Hong Kong has much to contribute and much to gain. The congress report mentioned Hong Kong more than 20 times and stressed the importance of upholding and improving “one country, two systems”, which serves as an action guide for Hong Kong’s development.

The report said the central government would support Hong Kong in growing its economy, improving people’s lives, and resolving deep-seated issues in economic and social development. The strengths and distinctive features of Hong Kong will be given full play and Hong Kong will be encouraged to cooperate more closely with the wider world.

The report also reaffirmed the central government’s commitment to developing the Greater Bay Area and its support in Hong Kong’s fuller integration into China’s overall development.

Not long ago, Chief Executive John Lee Ka-chiu delivered his maiden policy address, in which he proposed a series of targeted and innovative measures that echo the congress report.

With the firm support of the central government and through the dedicated efforts of the Special Administrative Region government, Hong Kong will be able to safeguard the foundation of “one country” and leverage the advantages of “two systems”. By boarding the express train of Chinese modernisation, Hong Kong is heading towards another development miracle.

The sustained and steady implementation of “one country, two systems” is an unstoppable historical trend. The international stakeholders who believe in Hong Kong’s growth potential will reap win-win opportunities, while those who talk down Hong Kong will ultimately find no audience.

China is embarking on a long journey filled with glories and dreams. The road map has been drawn and the bugle has been sounded. At a historical juncture, the Communist Party of China is leading all Chinese people to forge ahead, with enterprise and fortitude, and build a modern socialist country in all respects. The Chinese people are ready to work hand in hand with people across the world to create a brighter future for humanity.